Neuropathy is a general term denoting disturbances in the normal performance of the peripheral nerves. The reasons for neuropathy are diverse therefore is the treatment. Lots of a times, the neuropathy is nearly irreparable and the treatment is generally concentrated on avoiding additional progression of the nerve damage and other helpful steps to prevent any problems due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to dietary deficiencies are primarily treated with the replenishment of the deficient nutrient. Neuropathies due to deficiency of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are treated by giving the vitamin supplementation orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if deficiency is because of malfunctioning absorption of vitamins from the diet plan. Treatment might or might not totally reverse the neuropathy and ease the signs and oftentimes there is some long-term damage to nerves and consistent symptoms despite therapy. Recently neuropathy due to copper deficiency has actually likewise been found. It too is treated with oral copper salts or intravenous injection of copper salts. Once again the reaction is variable and may take numerous months.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on particular cause and the nerve included. Once again, each neuropathy is distinct and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the main illness causing the neuropathy. If neuropathy is because of Myxedema, triggered by absence of thyroid hormone, then treatment is replacing the thyroid hormone. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is generally encouraging. In diabetic neuropathies, some types like Mononeuropathies are reversible but many are permanent. Stringent control of blood sugar levels to slow the more progression is of paramount value. Other treatment is based upon the signs, like pain is managed with NSAID and lots of other drugs. Likewise the neuropathy connected with Rheumatoid Arthritis frequently reacts to the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (with immunomodulators).
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is preventing the irritant food item causing neuropathy. Neuropathy might likewise be due to toxic effect of particular drugs like Chloroquine, Phenytoin, anti-Cancer drugs and various others. Treatment in this case is primarily discontinuation of the drug or dose reduction. There might be some particular treatment in certain cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can usually be avoided by providing pyridoxine website along with it.
Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly permanent and the treatment is mainly focused on preventing more progression of the nerve damage and other supportive procedures to avoid any complications due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on particular cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the main disease causing the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is preventing the allergen food item triggering neuropathy.